My grandparents died when I was twelve years old. I realize now that I was lucky to have known them at all. I was an inquisitive child, who asked lots of questions, and whenever I asked them about the Holocaust, my bubbe and zeide (grandma and grandpa in Yiddish) would cry. They never told me much, because it was hard to talk about. However, my mother told me that their entire families were killed, including aunts and uncles and great-grandparents that I never had the chance to meet. Six million of our Jewish sisters and brothers and five million others perished in the Holocaust. This is why I make it a point to observe International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
International Holocaust Remembrance Day is observed on January 27 each year, as an international memorial day for the victims of the Holocaust. The Holocaust is the genocide that resulted in the annihilation of six million European Jews, as well as millions of others by the Nazi regime. The day was designated by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution on November 1, 2005.
January 27 is the date, in 1945, when the largest Nazi death camp (Auschwitz-Birkenau), was liberated by Soviet troops. The Resolution establishing January 27 as International Holocaust Remembrance Day urges every member nation of the U.N. to honor the memory of Holocaust victims, and encourages the development of educational programs about Holocaust history to help prevent future acts of genocide. It rejects any denial of the Holocaust as an event and condemns all manifestations of religious intolerance, incitement, harassment, or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origin or religious belief.
Another day to commemorate the Holocaust is Yom HaShoah (יום השואה), which is observed as Israel's day of commemoration for those who perished in the Holocaust. It was inaugurated on 1953, anchored by a law signed by the Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion and the President of Israel Yitzhak Ben-Zvi. This year, it begins at sundown on April 23, 2017, and many of us light a candle in observance.
On their website, the United States Holocaust Museum, discusses ways to remember the Holocaust, including films, using your social networks, and engaging others. Haaretz also has a helpful article, “How Young Is Too Young to Teach My Child About the Holocaust?,” which offers ideas about teaching children about the Holocaust. We hope this is helpful, and invite you to share your suggestions in the comments.